Immanuel Wallerstein

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Immanuel Wallerstein (Imanuel Volerstin)

Biografija:

Immanuel Maurice Wallerstein je američki sociolog i istoričar, poznat po zagovaranju teorije svjetskih sistema, modifikovane varijante marksističke verzije tvz. dependence theory koja iznosi tezu o hijerarhijskom ustroju svjetskog sistema.

Još kao tinejdžer se počinje zanimati za zbivanja na svjetskoj političkoj sceni, posebno za antikolonijalistički pokret u Indiji. Studira na Columbia (1951.-1959.) i Oxford (1955-6) univerzitetima, a 1959. stieče doktorat iz filozofije. Kao istaknuti profesor sociologije predaje na univerzitetima u AmericiKanadi i Engleskoj, te kao gost predavač širom svijeta. Takođe vrši funkciju direktora Fernand Braudel Centra za Istraživanje Ekonomije, Istorijskih Sistema i Civilizacija, 4 godine je bio predsjednik Međunarodnog Sociološkog Društva (1994-1998), te dvije godine na čelu Gulbenkian Povjerenstva za Restrukturiranje Društvenih Nauka (1993-1995). Nagrađivan je mnogim počasnim titulama, a 2003. prima nagradu od Američkog Sociološkog Udruženja.

Wallerstein se bavi istorijskom analizom globalne kapitalističke ekonomije na makro-nivou. Zanima ga istorijski razvoj modernog društvenog sistema, današnja kriza svjetske ekonomije, te strukture znanja. Tvorac je, te jedan od najistaknutijih predstavnika teorije svjetskih sistema koju prvi puta detaljno obrazlaže 1974. u svojoj knjizi Savremeni svjetski sistem. Najznačajniji uticaji na formiranje spomenutog tumačenja društveno-političke zbilje imali su MarxFernand Braudel i Frankova teorija zavisnosti.

Problem vidi u modernom svjetskom sistemu koji se počinje oblikovati u 16. vijeku u Zapadnoj Evropi i Sjevernoj Americi. Karakteristika takvog poretka je različita pozicija razvijenih i zemalja Trećega svijeta na međunarodnom tržištu, te time ujedno i siromaštvo i slab ekonomski razvoj dotičnih dijelova svijeta.

Biography:

Wallerstein first became interested in world affairs as a teenager in New York City, and was particularly interested in the anti-colonial movement in India at the time. He attended Columbia University, where he received a B.A. in 1951, an M.A. in 1954 and a Ph.D. degree in 1959, and subsequently taught until 1971, when he became professor of sociology at McGill University. As of 1976, he served as distinguished professor of sociology at Binghamton University (SUNY) until his retirement in 1999, and as head of the Fernand Braudel Center for the Study of Economies, Historical Systems and Civilizations until 2005. Wallerstein held several positions as visiting professor at universities worldwide, was awarded multiple honorary degrees, intermittently served as Directeur d’études associé at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris, and was president of the International Sociological Association between 1994 and 1998. During the 1990s, he chaired the Gulbenkian Commission on the Restructuring of the Social Sciences. The object of the commission was to indicate a direction for social scientific inquiry for the next 50 years. In 2000 he joined the Yale Sociology department as Senior Research Scholar. In 2003 he received the Career of Distinguished Scholarship Award from the American Sociological Association.

Education:

  • B.A. Columbia University, 1951;
  • M.A. Columbia University, 1954;
  • Ph.D., Columbia University, 1959.

Honorary Degrees (Dr. h.c.):

  • Univ. Paris-Denis Diderot, 1976
  • (Litt. D.), York Univ., 1995
  • Univ. Libre de Bruxelles, 1996
  • Univ. Nac. Aut. de México (UNAM), 1998
  • Ist. Sup. de Ciênças de Trabalho e Empresa (ISCTE, Lisbon), 1999
  • Benemérita Univ. Aut. de Puebla (Mexico), 1999
  • Univ. of Bucharest, 2001
  • Univ. of Alicante (Spain), 2002
  • San Marcos (Peru), 2004
  • Lund (Sweden), 2005
  • Higher School of Economics (Moscow), 2005
  • Kharkov National Univ. (Ukraine), 2005
  • Coimbra (Portugal) 2006
  • Brasilia, 2009

    Academic Posts:

    • Senior Research Scholar, Yale University, 2000-present
    • Director, Fernand Braudel Center for the Study of Economies, Historical Systems, and Civilizations, 1976-2005
    • Distinguished Professor of Sociology, Binghamton University (SUNY), 1976-1999 [Emeritus]
    • Directeur d’études associé, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (Paris), 1975-76, 80-81, 83-95
    • Professor of Sociology, McGill University, 1971-76
    • Department of Sociology, Columbia University, 1958-71
    • Visiting Professor at Alicante, Amsterdam, British Columbia, Chinese Univ. Hong Kong, Dar-es-Salaam, Illinois, Montpellier, UIMP-Menéndez Pelayo, Montreal, Napoli, Ottawa, Texas

    Professional Activities:

    • President, International Sociological Association, 1994-1998
    • Chair, Gulbenkian Commission on the Restructuring of the Social Sciences, 1993-1995
    • Charter Member, Society for Comparative Research, 1994-present
    • Adjunct Scholar Abroad, Institute of Far Eastern Studies, Kyungnam University, Seoul, 1992-
    • Member, Advisory Committee on International Programs, Social Science Research Council and American Council of Learned Societies, 1984-87
    • Member, World Association for International Relations, 1983-present
    • Member, Sociological Research Association, 1980-present
    • Member, Board of Directors, Social Science Research Council, 1979-85
    • Member, American Council of Learned  Societies and U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences Commission on the Humanities and Social Sciences, 1979-1991
    • Member, Executive Council, International African Institute, 1978-84
    • Alternate Member, Council, International Sociological Association, 1978-86
    • Member, Council, Tocqueville Society, 1978-1982
    • Member, Program Committee, IXth Congress, Int’l Sociological Association, Uppsala, 1978
    • Co-chair, Association of Concerned Africa Scholars, 1977-91
    • Member, Comitato Scientifico, Istituto Int. di Storia Economica ‘Francesco Datini’, Prato, 1977-2003; Comitato d’onore, 2003-present
    • Member, Int. Comm. on the Social and Economic History of Turkey (1071-1920), 1977-present
    • Member, Board of Governors, Institute of American Studies (Paris), 1977-81
    • Member, Executive Council, American Sociological Association, 1977-80
    • Member, Comité de Direction, Groupe Etat et Capitalisme à l’Epoque Moderne, Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, 1976-present
    • Vice President, Research Commission, National Movements and Imperialism, International Sociological Association, 1974-90
    • President, Research Commission, Centre Québécois des Relations Internationales, 1974-75
    • President, African Studies Association, 1972-73

    Honors and Fellowships:

    • N.D. Kondratieff Gold Medal, Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, 2005
    • Distinguished Fellow, St. John’s College, University of British Columbia, 2004-present
    • Centro de Estudios, Información y Documentación Immanuel Wallerstein, Univ. de la Tierra-Chiapas y el CIDECI Las Casas, 2004-present
    • Career of Distinguished Scholarship Award, American Sociological Association, 2003
    • Career of Distinguished Scholarship Award, Political Economy of the World-System Section of ASA, 2003
    • Premio Carlos Marx 2003, Fondo Cultural Tercer Mundo, Mexico
    • Leerstoel (Chair) Immanuel Wallerstein, University of Ghent, 2002- [Inaugural Lecture by IW on Mar. 11, 2002]
    • Fellow, Amer. Acad. of Arts & Sciences, 1998
    • IPE Distinguished Scholar, International Studies Association, 1998
    • Gulbenkian Professor of Science and Technology, 1994
    • Medal of the University, Univ. of Helsinki, 1992
    • Wei Lun Visiting Professor, Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, 1991
    • University Award for Excellence in  Scholarship, Binghamton University, 1991
    • George A. Miller Visiting Professor, University of Illinois-Urbana, 1989
    • Officier, Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, France, 1984
    • Sorokin Prize (for Distinguished Scholarship), American Sociological Association, 1975
    • Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, 1970-71
    • Ford Fellow in Economics, Political Science and Sociology, 1970-71
    • Foreign Area Fellowship, Africa, 1955-57
    • Phi Beta Kappa, 1951

    Lectureships:

    • Catedrático, Cátedra Latinoamericana Julio Cortázar, Univ. de Guadalajara, 2006
    • Distinguished Lecturer in the Perspective of the World, St. John’s College, Univ. of Br. Columbia, 2004.
    • Polson Memorial Lecture, Dept. of Development Sociology, Cornell University, 2004
    • John Hanly Furfey Lecture, Association for the Sociology of Religion, 2004
    • Ninth Sidney W. Mintz Lecture in Anthropology, Johns Hopkins University, 2003
    • Third Annual Urban Lecture, Hunter College, 2002
    • Ninth E.P. Thompson Lecture, Working-Class History Seminar, Pittsburgh Center for Social History, 2002.
    • Eighth Charles R. Lawrence II Memorial Lecturer, Brooklyn College, 2001
    • Y.K. Pao Distinguished Lecturer, Hong Kong Univ. of Science & Technology, 2000
    • Distinguished Visiting Professor, Amsterdam School of Social Science Research, 1999
    • Sir Douglas Robb Lecturer, Univ. of Auckland, 1997
    • Daalder Lecturer, Rijksuniversiteit Leiden, 1997
    • Tyneside Geographical Society Lecturer, 1996
    • Distinguished Lecturer in Historical Geography of Social Change, Assn. of American Geographers, 1992
    • Tripartite Lecturer, Royal Geographical Society, Geographical Association, Institute of British Geographers, London, 1988
    • Distinguished Speaker, Center for Advanced Study in International Development, Michigan State Univ., 1987
    • Marshall Woods Lecturer, Brown University, 1977, 1984
    • Cecil H. and Ida Green Visiting Professor, University of British Columbia, 1977
    • Distinguished Speaker, International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations, 1977
    • Sorokin Lecturer, University of Saskatchewan, 1975
    • Rosenfield Lecturer, Grinnell College, 1968

    Editorial Board:

    • Editor, Review, 1977-2005
    • Editor, Fernand Braudel Center Series, Paradigm Press, 2004-present
    • Editor, Studies in Political Economy of the World-System (Paradigm; formerly Sage, Greenwood), 1978-present
    • Co-editor, Studies in Modern Capitalism (Cambridge Univ. Press), 1979-present
    • Mediterranean Social Sciences Review, 1996-present
    • Asian Perspective, 1995-present
    • Development and Change, 1994-present
    • CEMOTI, 1993-present
    • African Journal of Political Economy, 1986-present
    • Political Geography 1982-present
    • SUNY Press Editorial Board, 1977-80
    • Canadian Journal of Sociology, 1974-78
    • West African Journal of Sociology, 1974-present
    • Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, 1973-77
    • Africa Today, 1968-present
    • African Studies Bulletin, 1965-69